Vegetarian vs. Pescatarian: everything you need to know!

Wondering what the difference between vegetarian and pescatarian is? We have the answer right here!

There is no such thing as a unique approach to a plant-based diet. In fact, there are many. Some of them are stricter and some others are more flexible. Of all the options available, there are two that are usually mistaken: vegetarian and pescatarian. So let's see what they are all about.

What is a vegetarian diet?

What is a vegetarian diet?

In essence, a vegetarian diet is the one that does not contain any meat, poultry, or fish. However, they can include some animal-derived products such as eggs (ovo vegetarians), dairy (lacto vegetarians), or both (lacto-ovo vegetarians).

On a regular basis, a vegetarian diet includes a lot of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, a fair share of beans, legumes and, depending on the type, eggs and/or dairy. Some individuals also include honey as part of their diet!

What is a pescatarian diet?

What is a pescatarian diet?

Similar to a vegetarian diet, pescatarians don't eat meat nor poultry. However, they do eat fish. Pescatarians eat a lot of vegetables, fruits, beans, grains, dairy and/or eggs, and fish. They avoid meat and poultry and their byproducts, like gelatin or broth. 

If you are not familiar with the term pescatarian, it might be because it is sometimes called pesco-vegetarian or, simply, a partial vegetarian diet.

Comparing both diets

What are the benefits?

Although pescatarians eat fish, both vegetarians and pescatarian diets are considered plant-based. This means that individuals that follow one or the other will enjoy the benefits of a plant-based diet:

-Better control of blood pressure

-Better control of blood glucose

-Less inflammation

-Reduced cholesterol levels

Clearly, both diets will help improve your heart health. This happens because compared to meat-eaters, vegetarians and pescatarians tend to eat fewer saturated fats and cholesterol. They eat more vitamin C and E, fiber, potassium, and magnesium. Pescatarians have, on top of it all, the benefit of including omega-3 fatty acids, which are known for their heart-protective properties. 

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