Differences between aerobic and anaerobic exercise: What are the benefits?

If you go to the gym, you have probably asked yourself about the differences between aerobic and anaerobic exercise. Here we will differentiate between both types of exercise.

When we workout, the first thing we have to keep in mind is what our objective is since results will vary depending on the type of exercise we choose. 

First of all, we have to know that the concepts aerobic and anaerobic refer to the way the body obtains energy. If during your practice, the organism needs a lot of oxygen to produce energy, it is an aerobic exercise, on the other hand, if the need for oxygen is minimal, we would be doing an anaerobic type of exercise.

Strong man // Photo by Anastase Maragos

Aerobic exercise

The body uses oxygen to burn energy sources such as fat, which will give you the power you need.

These are usually of medium or high intensity and of long to medium duration. They are those exercises that require good breathing, burn a lot of calories because they require oxygen and energy; and that help you lose weight quickly because of how many calories they burn.

Run // Photo by Chander R

Some of the most common aerobic exercises are running, swimming, jogging, and cycling. That is, the classic resistance and cardio exercises.

Benefits of Aerobic Exercise

A good balance of different workouts is key

Anaerobic exercise

These are usually of very high intensity and short duration; that is, exercises that require a lot of effort, so they are performed for short periods of time.

Anaerobic exercises do not burn as many calories as aerobic exercises but they help you define your muscles and increase your muscle mass, so you will improve your proportions and look more athletic.

Anaerobic exercise // Photo by Sven Mieke

Some of the most common anaerobic exercises are weight lifting, sprinting, and body weight exercises such as squats and gripping.

Benefits of Anaerobic Exercise

Gym // Photo by Samuel Girven

These exercises are progressive; that is, the more time passes, the more weight you can lift, and the more strength you will have.

Finally, it is necessary to mention that no type of exercise is better than another; it depends on the training objectives that each person has. The ideal is to find a balance between both to have a healthy body.

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