Even after you've gotten rid of acne and prevented further breakouts, there's the issue about acne scars. Getting rid of them is a process that'll most surely take up a step of your skincare routine, but it'll be worth it! Learn the causes of acne scars and their solutions.
Let's start by explaining what happens on your skin when its cells are trying to combat acne. As you may already know, acne is a type of inflammation. Just like any other inflammatory processes and typical wounds, the skin fights acne by releasing growth factors when this skin concern is present. In the cases where this process is left to work on its own and the inflammation isn't checked, it can lead to abnormal scar tissue in the upper and deeper levels of the skin.
The first, easiest, and most important measure you should take to prevent acne scarring is to stop picking at spots. In essence, what you're doing is delaying the healing process and causing your skin cells to work overtime to solve the stepbacks you've caused. In the end, the prolonged inflammation can turn the scar darker and deeper!
A further step you can take to reduce your chances of acne scarring is stepping away from the sun. When it comes to acne scars, the sun can have a negative effect on your skin, as it has the ability to pigment the areas of the skin with fresh acne scars. Prevent hyperpigmentation with SPF, your best ally against the sun's effects on your skin. Choose an oil-free alternative to prevent new breakouts!
To treat and prevent acne scarring, retinol is also a very effective product. When applied regularly before, during, and after breakouts, it'll not only prevent acne but also scarring. Essentially, it works to exfoliate the skin and clear your pores from dead skin and harmful bacteria, as well as brighten darkened areas. Make sure you start with low retinol concentrations and build your way up to stronger formulas.
There are also face serums that'll help you combat acne scars. Those with Vitamin C percentages over 15% are key, as they'll boost wound healing by improving the skin's collagen production and brighten your complexion. Additionally, this vitamin is known for its positive effects on cell turnover levels, which in turn reduce hyperpigmentation and helps the skin regenerate faster.
To avoid acne breakouts and, therefore, acne scars, exfoliating acids can go a long way. These should be used as a prevention but also as treatments. The most common exfoliating acids are AHA and BHA glycolic acids, which act together to brighten your complexion and get rid of accumulated residues on your skin.
There are also several clinic treatments that work to prevent scarring of acne in a different way. They actually work against the very same inflammatory process that leads to these scars! For instance, IPL therapy and blue light are used to get rid of bacteria-causing acne. There are also treatments that raise the depressed areas on the face with dermal fillers.
All in all, the best way to prevent acne scarring is by taking measures in your skincare routine to avoid developing acne altogether. As a rule of thumb, you should choose products that'll help control the oil levels on your skin. In addition to these, other methods to relieve inflammation are important to prevent acne.