A healthy gut is an indicator of good health and “biotics” play an important role in gut health. Learn more about postbiotics and their benefits here
In order to understand what postbiotics are, first, it is important to think about prebiotics and probiotics.
Prebiotics are certain types of fiber in plants that are degraded by bacteria within our large intestine. These nutrients can be found in some food such as garlic, onions, leeks, leafy greens, kale, and oats. Prebiotics play an important role in human health since they produce beneficial compounds within our gut such as short-chain fatty acids which the cells lining our colon can utilize.
We tend to think that bacteria are germs that can cause diseases but actually, our body is full of good bacterias and prebiotics are one of them. Probiotics are often called "good" or "helpful" bacteria because they have been shown to help keep your gut healthy. They also help balance gut flora and are said to reduce Gastrointestinal symptoms in marathon runners. Fermented dairy foods like yogurt, kefir products, and aged cheeses, all contain probiotics.
“Postbiotics are any material leftover in food by the bacteria used to ferment the food item,” They include kefir, kimchi, sauerkraut, tempeh, yogurt, and certain pickles. To understand the difference between prebiotics, probiotics, and postbiotics the dietitian Keri Gans gives the following explanation: “The best way to think about it is that the prebiotics are the fuel for the probiotics who are the workers in our gut. The end result of all the hard work done by the probiotics is the postbiotics. In other words, the postbiotics are the goods created”
Benefits of Postbiotics
According to Science, these are the benefits of Postbiotics:
- May help maintain a healthy immune system,
- Support a healthy digestive system,
- Help balance the microbiome in the gut
- Lower inflammation
- May help prevent type 2 diabetes.