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Toenails can be discolored because of many factors, most of which can easily be prevented. Stop simply covering your feet with shoes; this only sweeps the problem under the carpet! Instead, you should take action to give your toenails their previous glow back and avoid future issues.
Identify the causes of this problem
The most common cause of yellow discoloration in the toenails is a fungal infection. The fungus often develops underneath the nail, turning it thick, raising it, and causing it to receive a yellowish tone. As a result, you can experience a bad smell and even some aches in your feet. If you have any of these symptoms, you should go to a podiatrist to get special treatment.
Other potential causes for yellow discoloration of the nail include diabetes mellitus and lymphedema (chronic leg swelling). Yellowish toenails can also be a sign of a deficit in some vitamins, for example, lack of zinc or vitamin B1. You should also consult a professional if you think you need some supplements.
Smoking can bring lots of bad consequences to your health. Nicotine can lead to yellow nails in your fingers as well as in your toes, as it can trigger peripheral arterial disease (PAD), which can decrease your circulation by narrowing the arteries and restricting blood flow. When a lack of circulation and oxygen occurs, the vital supply of nutrients to the nails is affected. Your extremities, including your feet, are more at risk because the arteries are narrower, so the circulation is affected more easily.
Pay attention to your nail polish
Sometimes, it's just a matter of changing the way you treat your feet. In some cases, the use of nail polish may lead to stained nails that take several months to grow out. Yellowing of the nail can occur from polishes that include chemicals and darker pigments. If you look at the labels and they include ingredients like formaldehyde, nitrocellulose, and ethyl acetate, avoid these products. They can create a chemical reaction (oxidization) between the polish and the keratin within the nail plate. As a result, nails can become brittle, discolored, and yellowed.
Regularly cut your nails
If you want to keep your nails healthy and glowing, treat them well, for example by cutting them the right way. For that purpose, use proper toenail clippers or special scissors, and do it regularly! Take your time to do this task to avoid causing some injury, as well as trauma to the nail. If you don't feel comfortable doing it, you can always go to a podiatrist or expert for professional results.
Try tropical applications
You can help the recuperation process with topical applications using different ingredients. Tea tree, for instance, will attack the membrane of the fungus and cause it to die out. Terbinafine can change the permeability of fungal cells, causing them to fade out over time. Finally, amorolfine creates holes in the membrane of fungal cells, which helps to eradicate the fungus.
Choose the right footwear
Your feet should always feel comfortable when you walk as well as when you stand. When nails are thickened, they can put excessive pressure on your footwear and become harmful to your feet. That’s why it’s important to always wear shoes that are wide and deep enough to prevent trauma or any tightness on the nails.
Use shoe sanitizers
Get used to adding some shoe sanitizer to get rid of any bacterial spores in your footwear. It doesn't matter if they look nice and clean: the key is to prevent your feet from sweating. This way, you'll help your nails' health as well. You can find foot sprays or talcum powder, both of which will help you protect your feet and neutralize odors.