Looking after your immune system is essential to prevent potential health problems and it is more simple than you think. Continue reading and find 4 tips for a better immune system
With the outbreak of the COVID-19, some terms like viral load or immunity have become a part of everyday conversations. But, what is exactly the meaning of “immune system”? How does it work? Is there anything we can do to strengthen it?
What is the immune system?
According to Dr. Jenna Macciochi, an immunologist and personal trainer, the immune system is not one thing that is only in one place. “A good way to start understanding it is to liken it to a castle with many layers of defense. That fortress includes your body’s borders as the first line of defense – things such as your skin and the lining of your mouth, nose, gut, and lungs and the collection of good microbes that live on them that create a hostile environment for invaders or destroying them directly,” said Jenna.
In other words, the immune system is a complex network of cells and protein, whose function is fighting an infection or disease. Not only does it fight against bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites, but it also repairs and recycles damaged cells to defend us against other diseases. So, once the microbe enters the body, the immune system fights against it but keeping a record of it so the body system can recognize the microbe later if it enters the body again.
How does the immune system work?
Our body is full of white blood cells and they are divided into two types, which together are our body’s safeguard. As a result, when a germ tries to infect us, some immune cells raise an alarm within minutes activating a diverse squad of immune cells. That is what happens inside when you have a stuffy nose, sore throat, or fever.
Is there anything we can do to strengthen the immune system?
The answer is yes, there is. Actually, there are many things you can do to boost your immune system:
1. Get beneficial nutrients
These are some of the nutrients that can give the immune system a boost: vitamins A, D, C, E, B6, and B12, folate, zinc, iron, copper, and selenium, each with very important roles on the immune response.
2. Keep your social networks strong
This means trying to avoid loneliness and stress. Instead, maintaining good relationships and being surrounded by optimism and kindness are proven to help our immune system.
3. Exercise regularly and follow a healthy diet
A well-balanced diet and regular moderate physical activity are linked to better immune function, as well as lower levels of anxiety and perceived stress.